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預防和消滅臭蟲的方法指南

編輯:CEO  人氣:0  出處:網絡  時間:2023-09-06 08:59:42
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預防和消滅臭蟲的方法指南

(預(yu)防和(he)消(xiao)滅臭蟲的方(fang)法指南)

  深(shen)圳公司溫馨(xin)提(ti)示大家,臭蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong)這(zhe)種在(zai)我國(guo)多少近(jin)絕跡的害蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong),最近(jin)又;重現江湖;。近(jin)日,有網友(you)稱,在(zai)深(shen)圳至的動車臥鋪上竟然(ran)呈現吸(xi)血(xue)臭蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong),被咬(yao)后奇癢難忍。深(shen)圳市疾控部分隨后證(zheng)明了(le)此事(shi)。為防患于未然(ran),咱們必須理解有關臭蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong)的防治常識。

  臭蟲的相干常識

  一、臭(chou)蟲藏在(zai)哪?

  臭(chou)(chou)(chou)蟲(chong)個別(bie)過群(qun)居(ju)生活(huo),并可隨衣物、行李寄居(ju),重(zhong)要棲身在(zai)(zai)居(ju)室的床(chuang)架、墻壁、天花板、桌、椅、書架、被褥、草墊、床(chuang)席等的縫隙(xi)跟糊墻紙的后面(mian)(mian),卵也重(zhong)要產于這些(xie)處所(suo),因此在(zai)(zai)這些(xie)適合(he)隱(yin)匿的處所(suo),常(chang)發(fa)明有大量(liang)臭(chou)(chou)(chou)蟲(chong)聚集(ji),并伴有很(hen)多褐(he)色的糞(fen)跡。席夢(meng)思床(chuang)墊因縫隙(xi)較多,也成為臭(chou)(chou)(chou)蟲(chong)隱(yin)藏的場合(he),床(chuang)墊的邊沿最常(chang)發(fa)明臭(chou)(chou)(chou)蟲(chong)活(huo)動。那換(huan)了(le)床(chuang)板或換(huan)了(le)床(chuang),是不(bu)是就不(bu)臭(chou)(chou)(chou)蟲(chong)了(le)?很(hen)可能還會有。誠然90%臭(chou)(chou)(chou)蟲(chong)個別(bie)都會躲在(zai)(zai)床(chuang)板里(li)面(mian)(mian),但仍有10%潛(qian)藏在(zai)(zai)衣服、衣柜、被子、床(chuang)單(dan)、床(chuang)墊跟線(xian)槽(cao)等處所(suo)。

  二、臭蟲長啥(sha)樣?

  臭蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)是一種(zhong)可(ke)能吸(xi)(xi)血(xue)的(de)小型昆蟲(chong)(chong)(chong),有(you)對臭腺,能分泌一種(zhong)異(yi)樣(yang)臭液(ye)(ye),所(suo)爬之處(chu),都會留(liu)下難聞的(de)臭氣。臭蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)為不完(wan)全變(bian)態(tai)昆蟲(chong)(chong)(chong),終生分為卵(luan)(luan)、若蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)跟(gen)成(cheng)蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)3期。卵(luan)(luan)呈(cheng)黃白色,長圓形,卵(luan)(luan)殼有(you)網狀紋(wen),前(qian)端有(you)蓋(gai)。卵(luan)(luan)約經6-7天,若蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)從卵(luan)(luan)蓋(gai)處(chu)鉆出,若蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)形似成(cheng)蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)而較小,腹部表皮(pi)較薄,色較淺。臭蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)成(cheng)蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)呈(cheng)背腹扁平(ping),卵(luan)(luan)圓形,紅褐色,4毫米×3毫米-5毫米×3毫米,遍體生有(you)短毛。臭蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)怕光,多在夜間活(huo)動(dong)(dong),凌(ling)晨3-5點是活(huo)動(dong)(dong)的(de)頂峰期。臭蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)活(huo)動(dong)(dong)很敏(min)捷而機警,可(ke)能在人不留(liu)心下汲取其血(xue)液(ye)(ye),在吸(xi)(xi)血(xue)時如(ru)人體稍有(you)挪動(dong)(dong),即結束(shu)吸(xi)(xi)血(xue),爬走而隱藏,臭蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)每分鐘(zhong)能爬行1-1.25米。

  若蟲(chong)(chong)及雌、雄成蟲(chong)(chong)都(dou)吸(xi)血(xue),吸(xi)血(xue)量可超過蟲(chong)(chong)體分(fen)(fen)量1-2倍。臭蟲(chong)(chong)每次飽(bao)吸(xi)血(xue)需10-15分(fen)(fen)鐘(zhong),若蟲(chong)(chong)須要6-9分(fen)(fen)鐘(zhong)。若蟲(chong)(chong)得不(bu)到血(xue)食,可活(huo)30天(tian)以上,成蟲(chong)(chong)得不(bu)到血(xue)食,通常可活(huo)六(liu)七個月,有些甚至可達1年。

  三、臭蟲入侵怎么防(fang)?

  臭(chou)(chou)蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong)一個重要的(de)(de)(de)傳播(bo)途(tu)徑是(shi)蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong)子爬(pa)進旅行(xing)(xing)(xing)者的(de)(de)(de)行(xing)(xing)(xing)李,而后帶去新的(de)(de)(de)處所開端滋生(sheng)生(sheng)息,也可(ke)(ke)通過(guo)床(chuang)(chuang)板、衣服(fu)、紙(zhi)箱、床(chuang)(chuang)墊等(deng)物(wu)(wu)品搬(ban)運新房而傳播(bo),利(li)用(yong)拋棄的(de)(de)(de)舊(jiu)家具跟舊(jiu)床(chuang)(chuang)墊往往也易(yi)(yi)將臭(chou)(chou)蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong)帶入(ru)(ru)。除臭(chou)(chou)蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong)夜晚(wan)吸(xi)(xi)血(xue)騷(sao)擾,使人(ren)不能安眠,長期叮咬、吸(xi)(xi)血(xue),可(ke)(ke)引起人(ren)的(de)(de)(de)貧血(xue)、失眠、神經(jing)衰弱,而且由于臭(chou)(chou)蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong)叮刺(ci)時將唾液注(zhu)入(ru)(ru)人(ren)體,放(fang)出(chu)一種擴(kuo)張血(xue)管的(de)(de)(de)刺(ci)激性(xing)物(wu)(wu)質,引起瘀點或(huo)瘙(sao)癢性(xing)風(feng)團,常排(pai)列成行(xing)(xing)(xing),可(ke)(ke)使皮膚敏感(gan)性(xing)較高人(ren)的(de)(de)(de)局部出(chu)現紅腫(zhong),痛癢難忍。臭(chou)(chou)蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong)生(sheng)活(huo)在人(ren)居室及(ji)床(chuang)(chuang)榻的(de)(de)(de)各種縫隙(xi)中,白天藏匿,夜晚(wan)活(huo)動吸(xi)(xi)血(xue),行(xing)(xing)(xing)動敏捷,不易(yi)(yi)捕捉(zhuo)。發育為(wei)漸變態,生(sheng)活(huo)史有卵、若(ruo)蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong)和成蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong)3期。若(ruo)蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong)和成蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong)都嗜吸(xi)(xi)人(ren)血(xue)。此外,假如一戶有臭(chou)(chou)蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong)產生(sheng),其余住戶也很輕(qing)易(yi)(yi)傳入(ru)(ru)臭(chou)(chou)蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong),因(yin)為(wei)它(ta)們會順著墻縫,電(dian)線(xian),暖氣(qi)管,地板的(de)(de)(de)縫隙(xi)等(deng)等(deng)遷(qian)入(ru)(ru),只有2微米的(de)(de)(de)縫隙(xi),臭(chou)(chou)蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong)就能鉆進去。因(yin)此要避免臭(chou)(chou)蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong)入(ru)(ru)侵,一是(shi)對外來人(ren)員(yuan)的(de)(de)(de)行(xing)(xing)(xing)李、家具等(deng)物(wu)(wu)品應當進行(xing)(xing)(xing)檢查,旅行(xing)(xing)(xing)或(huo)搬(ban)遷(qian)時,也要細心檢查行(xing)(xing)(xing)李及(ji)舊(jiu)家具,避免將若(ruo)、成蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong)及(ji)卵帶入(ru)(ru)。二是(shi)搞(gao)好環(huan)境衛生(sheng),鏟除臭(chou)(chou)蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong)的(de)(de)(de)棲身場合(he)。例如屋宇(yu)墻壁(bi)、地板等(deng)可(ke)(ke)供臭(chou)(chou)蟲(chong)(chong)(chong)(chong)隱匿跟滋生(sheng)的(de)(de)(de)縫隙(xi)用(yong)石灰(hui)、水泥等(deng)塞縫并按期刷墻;經(jing)常洗曬(shai)衣物(wu)(wu)、被單(dan)、床(chuang)(chuang)單(dan)、席子等(deng)。

  四、怎么毀滅臭蟲?

  1.滅甲由的(de)藥也可滅臭(chou)蟲

  家(jia)里(li)呈現了臭(chou)(chou)蟲,假如(ru)數量未幾,可(ke)能采取物理防治的方法。臭(chou)(chou)蟲防治雌蟲飽血后產(chan)(chan)(chan)卵(luan),每次(ci)產(chan)(chan)(chan)卵(luan)數個,一生可(ke)產(chan)(chan)(chan)卵(luan)75~200個,最多(duo)達540個。卵(luan)白色,長圓(yuan)形,大小(xiao)為0.8~1.3×0.4~0.6mm,一端有略偏的小(xiao)蓋,卵(luan)殼(ke)上有網狀紋,常粘附在(zai)成(cheng)蟲活(huo)動和穩匿處,如(ru)床板、蚊(wen)帳、家(jia)具、墻壁、地板和天(tian)花板的縫隙里(li),在(zai)18~25℃條件(jian)下經(jing)1周即可(ke)孵出若(ruo)蟲。

  2.人工捕殺法

  一直敲擊床架、炕席(xi)、書(shu)廚、褥墊等(deng),將臭(chou)蟲從隱藏(zang)處震下,而(er)后(hou)殺逝世。

  3.沸水燒燙法

  用沸水澆燙(tang)床(chuang)板(ban)、草墊、書廚(chu)跟家具等縫隙,沸水浸泡衣物等棉(mian)織品,可敏捷殺逝世臭蟲各(ge)

  齡蟲態及蟲卵。

  4.陽光暴曬法

  在(zai)夏季(ji),將衣服、床鋪、櫥(chu)柜等放在(zai)太陽光下暴曬,使臭(chou)蟲因高溫曬逝(shi)世(shi)或爬出而被殺逝(shi)世(shi)。

  5.化學藥劑殺滅(mie)法

  假(jia)如臭(chou)蟲已形成種群,數量較多,倡導采取化學(xue)方(fang)法(fa)。

  目前我國(guo)發(fa)明的臭蟲(chong)(chong)耐藥(yao)性還不高,常用(yong)的殺蟲(chong)(chong)劑均有效,如溴氰(qing)菊(ju)酯(zhi)、氯氰(qing)菊(ju)酯(zhi)、殘(can)殺威等。目前已(yi)在農(nong)業部進行登記的藥(yao)品為2.5%的溴氰(qing)菊(ju)酯(zhi),可(ke)用(yong)水(shui)稀釋50-80倍,噴灑于床(chuang)板、衣柜等。市民也可(ke)能購買殺滅(mie)甲由的殺蟲(chong)(chong)劑用(yong)于殺滅(mie)臭蟲(chong)(chong)。粉劑可(ke)均勻地(di)撒在地(di)縫(feng)、床(chuang)板、家具縫(feng)等處。

  另外假如衣服(fu)、被褥上呈現了臭蟲,衣服(fu)可用沸水浸(jin)泡60分(fen)鐘、洗衣液浸(jin)泡60分(fen)鐘、陽(yang)光(guang)下暴曬2-4小時。

  五、被臭蟲(chong)叮(ding)咬后怎么辦?

  臭蟲(chong)對(dui)人(ren)最重(zhong)要(yao)的迫害(hai)是吸(xi)血(xue)(xue)騷擾,多數人(ren)被臭蟲(chong)叮(ding)咬(yao)后瘙(sao)癢難忍(ren)(ren),妨礙睡(shui)眠(mian)。有的還(huan)產生蕁麻(ma)疹、紅腫數日不退(tui),甚(shen)至(zhi)呈現(xian)水皰,也可導(dao)致(zhi)繼發(fa)沾(zhan)(zhan)染(ran)。若長期被較多臭蟲(chong)叮(ding)咬(yao),可產生貧血(xue)(xue)體虛、哮(xiao)喘、頭暈及失(shi)眠(mian),重(zhong)大影響健康(kang)。人(ren)被臭蟲(chong)叮(ding)咬(yao)后瘙(sao)癢難忍(ren)(ren),不要(yao)撓抓,免(mian)得造成沾(zhan)(zhan)染(ran)。假(jia)如呈現(xian)蕁麻(ma)疹、紅腫等癥狀,倡導(dao)到醫院皮科就診。

  深圳公(gong)司是深圳一家專業的(de)滅(mie)殺臭蟲的(de)服務機(ji)構,有(you)需滅(mie)臭蟲、殺臭蟲的(de)客戶請你(ni)即時接(jie)洽咱(zan)們征詢。

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